ZangShu 葬书 is believed to have been written by GuoPu 东晋郭璞原著, although there is no record that he has done so. Again as at to date there are various version of ZhangShu and 2 versions stood out to be one an account for SanHe school, duly rectified and edited by the YangGong old school patriarch, the late Li DingXin, while the other for the rest, notably SanYuan school.
On this chapter we are investigating the notion of the 4 Guardians land form as best contradicted the very land form of China being the birth place of FengShui.
ZangShu (Editted by Li DingXin)
Land has 4 forms, Qi originates from 8 locations,
Thus, land form on the left is Green Dragon and right is White Tiger,
In-front is Red Phoenix, back is Black Tortoise.
Black Tortoise lay with sunken head,
Red Phoenix rising,
Green Dragon hovering,
White Tiger coaching.
If forms and contours are reversed, burial will result in devastation.
Therefore Tiger on guard is like holding the corpse in its mouth;
Dragon on guard is like an envious master;
Black Tortoise that stood up rejects the corpse;
If Red Phoenix that does not dance will fly away.”
In geography, there are 3 dragons coming into China from west to the east, before branching into 5 branches namely Qian, Kun, Kan, Li and Dui. Thus the western side of China is always higher than the eastern side. If South is taken as the facing, we would end up having the white tiger higher than the green dragon. This is a geographical fact. It is also said that all veins has its origin from the KunLun Mountain.
KunLun range is at about 13,000 ft. or higher at the region of the Tibetan Plateau, running along sides the Himalayas, branching out to Karin Basin, Gobi and Greater Khingan Range back dropping the Manchurian Plains, whereas the others bordering the great Yangze, Yellow and Xi Rivers. Apparently this is the source of all major rivers from Brahmaputra and the Chinese Great Rivers. Apparently only Yangze, Yellow and Xi Rivers flow down the fertilized Sichuan Plains before exiting to the North China Sea and Yellow Sea at the Eastern region of China and Brahmaputra turns into the region of Bhutan and Bangladesh.
At this juncture, it does not fit well into the prescription of good land form in accordance to ZhangShu? The issue is with our understanding of ZhangShu as it never say that the green dragon has to be higher than the white tiger. It merely states the nature of these guardian land form should be in terms of spatial vastness.
One other point, green dragon is associated with male therefore Yang and white tiger is female therefore Yin. If the dragon side is higher than the tiger side, water will flow from the dragon side to the tiger side ultimately enriching the female rather than the male and such is a big taboo in traditional Chinese family. Similarly if the tortoise side is higher than the phoenix side, the presumed good FengShui formation will be sitting Yang facing Yin yet we call the bright hall as facing Yang?
Such cannot be true!